City of Florence

About Florence

Florence, one of the most beautiful and visited art cities in the world, is an open-air museum, placed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1982.

Florence is famous for its history: a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest cities of the time.
The Historic Centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year.

Florence's museums, palaces, and churches house some of the greatest artistic treasures in the world. The most popular and important sites in Florence to visit are: the Cathedral, the Baptistery, the Uffizi, the Bargello, and the Accademia. The churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce are veritable art galleries, and the library of San Lorenzo is a magnificent exhibition of Michelangelo's architectural genius. Here you can wander in some of the oldest streets in the city until you reach the Arno River, cross the Ponte Vecchio and experience the "newest" area of Florence, the Oltrarno. You can also spend a day at the Boboli Gardens or climb the hill to the church of San Miniato al Monte to experience an enchanting view of Florence. Due to Florence's artistic and architectural heritage, it has been ranked by Forbes as one of the most beautiful cities in the world and, last but not least, in 1982 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


Along with August, July is the hottest month of the year for FlorenceItaly, when temperatures are at their maximum and rainfall and cloud coverage are at their minimum.

During this month, the average early morning temperature is 24°C reaching well over 30°C by mid day and lows of 18°C after dark..Even though it only happens on an average of once every ten days, temperatures have been known to rise above 36°C and drop below 15°C in Florence in July. The hottest temperature ever recorded in the city during this month is 40°C, whilst the coldest temperature ever recorded here at this time of year is 11°C.

Over the course of July, the length of the day in Florence is slowly decreasing, with a difference of 48 minutes between the beginning and the end of the month. The shortest day is July 31st with 14:36 hours of daylight, whilst the longest day is July 1st with 15:24 hours of daylight.

Congress Language

The official language of the Congress is English, simultaneous translation to French will be provided.


Public transportation in Florence is widely used. City buses (they vary in colors orange, a deep purple and white color and the most recent are blue) are run by ATAF and LI-NEA. Ordinary (a single use 90 minute ticket) and multiple-ride tickets (four 90 minute rides on one single ticket) can be purchased from authorized sales points (bars which are coffee shops here, tobacconists, newspaper stands: anyone with "ATAF" stickers on their shop windows) and from the ATAF booth within the SMN train station.

Let me say this again: Buy your tickets BEFORE you board the bus, as the bus driver does NOT check tickets and let's everyone on without asking for a ticket. You can buy tickets from the driver but they cost more - and since they often run out of tickets, there is no guarantee you can get tickets from him/her! Although the driver does not check the possession of ticket this control is frequently done at random and fines are high.

Since 2010, Florence got its first tram line, the T1, that runs from Scandicci to SMN train station. Tickets for ATAF also work on the tram. The city is currently (2015) building two additional lines, one from the airport downtown and another from the city's main hospital, Careggi, downtown. These construction works cause traffic and a lot of congestion if you drive or ride buses in the northwestern area of town but the tram should eventually reduce a lot of traffic in Florence. There are ticket machines at all 14 stops of the current T1 line so buy your ticket before you get on.

Firenze Card

If you buy the Firenze Card to get into museums, it includes unlimited bus travel on ATAF buses for the 72 hours the Firenze Card is active. You need to get the special bus ticket when you buy the Firenze Card, since it will have the card number on it, and stamp this bus ticket the FIRST time you get on a bus. If you're asked for a ticket, you need to show this ticket along with your Firenze Card to the controller.

Click on the banner to visit the Firenze Convention & Visitors Bureau website and download your Congress Card that will let you enjoy special offers and discounted fees at museums, historical sites, shops, restaurants and much more.


Taxis in Florence can be ordered by phone or found at the official taxi stands but they can not be hailed on the street.

Getting around the city on taxi is not difficult, but you do have to know ahead of time that in Italy taxis cannot be flagged down as they pass you along the street! Taxis are instead "stationed" at special taxi parking stands in most of the major squares in any city and at the airport and they can be requested by phone.

In Florence, the numbers for calling a taxi are:

  • 055.4242
  • 055.4390
  • 055.4798
  • 055.4499

Customers are advised to read the information about prices displayed inside the vehicle to make sure that the fare charged is correct.

Example of some basic charges and fares within the city boundaries:

  • Preliminary fixed charge: € 3.20
  • Night-time preliminary fixed charge (from 22.00 to 6.00): € 6.40
  • Preliminary fixed charge on Sundays and public holidays: € 5.10
  • Baggage supplement (max. 5 items): € 1.00 per item
  • Florence Vespucci Airport to City centre: set fare of € 20.00 (plus baggage supplements + extra fee for night or holiday travel)